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Interested in disability history? Check out what happened Today in AT History!

1857

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  • February 16 - The National Mute Deaf College is founded in Washington, DC and was the first school for the advanced education of the blind. The school was later renamed Gallaudet University.
  • March 23 - Elisha Otis's first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City. Today, elevators are extremely important accommodations for people with disabilities.[1]


Births

  • January 28 - William Seward Burroughs, inventor of the first practical adding machine. Today, calculators are particularly useful for people with math-related learning disabilities, and printing calculators are useful for people who have trouble writing by hand. [2] [3]
  • May 19 - John Jacob Abel - American Biochemist. Abel formulated the idea of the artificial kidney and was the second to isolate adrenaline.[5]
  • December 3 - Karl Koller - Austrian ophthalmologist, who introduced cocaine as a local anesthetic for eye surgery.


References

  1. "Otis: A Visual Timeline." Otis Worldwide. 2008. Accessed on March 21, 2008
  2. William Seward Burroughs. National Inventors Hall of Fame. Accessed March 7, 2008.
  3. Calculating-Machine. U.S. Patent #388116.
  4. "Bleuler, Paul Eugen (1857-1939)." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. Accessed on April 1, 2008.
  5. "Abel, John Jacob." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 9 Mar. 2008.
  6. "Alfred Binet." Human Intelligence. Indiana University. 25 July 2007. Accessed on July 8, 2008.