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  • Ivan Sechenov publishes Reflexes of the Brain which introduced electrophysiology and neurophysiology into laboratories and teaching of medicine.
  • Nikolaus Friedreich, a German pathologist and neurologist, described the central nervous system disorder known as Friedreich's ataxia, a degenerative disease with sclerosis of the spinal cord which affects a person's speech, balance and coordination.
  • February 10 - Mr. and Mrs. "General Tom Thumb", two American dwarf showbiz performers, are married. Charles Stratton, whose alias in show business arose from the great P.T. Barnum, and Mercy Lavinia Warren Bump were married at Grace Church in New York. [1]


  • December 6 - Charles Martin Hall, developer of the electrolytic method of producing aluminum cheaply, bringing the metal into wide commercial use in products including wheelchairs and portable ramps. [2] [3]


  1. Bogden, Robert. Love in Miniature: Mr. and Mrs. Tom Thumb. 2004. Accessed on February 5, 2008.
  2. Charles Martin Hall. National Inventors Hall of Fame. Accessed March 7, 2008.
  3. Manufacture of Aluminium. U.S. Patent #400,665. April 2, 1889.