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Interested in disability history? Check out what happened Today in AT History!


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  • Franz Christian Boll, anatomist, discovers rhodopsin, a pigment of the retina. Mutations of the rhodopsin gene are a major contributor to various retinopathies such as retinitis pigmentosa.
  • February 14 - Alexander Graham Bell, known as the "father of the deaf" applied for a patent for the telephone. Bell became interested in acoustics came from his work with his mother who was profoundly deaf. He was well known for his work with teaching communication skills to the deaf and deaf-mute. [1]
  • February 22 - Johns Hopkins University is founded in Baltimore, Maryland. Johns Hopkins was the first research university in the United States. According to the University, it has developed more than 100 biomedical devices. [2]


  • September 6 - John James Richard Macleod - Scottish medical scientist, won a Noble Prize in Medicine for the co-discovery of insulin.