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Art & Entertainment

  • Tilly Aston forms the Victorian Association of Braille Writers, now known as Vision Australia to provide braille for all.


  • June 13 - Dr. Leo Kanner - Austrian-American psychiatrist and physician. Kanner was the first to describe autism although the term was originally coined to describe adult schizophrenia.[1]
  • October 26 - Lemon Jefferson - Blues singer and guitarist. Known as "Blind" Lemon Jefferson, he was one of the most popular blues singers of the 1920s. Jefferson wrote the song "Black Snake Moan" which was the title track of the 2006 movie by the same name.[2]


  • April 9 - Arthur Hill Hassall - British physician. Hassall, along with German chemist, Friedrich Accum, were the first to fight the intentional reduction of food and drug quality, known as the adulteration of food which can cause severe illness and disability.[3]
  • September 8 - Hermann von Helmholtz - German physician, inventor of the ophthalmoscope, an instrument used to examine the inside of the human eye. Today people with diabetes mellitus are required to have regular ophthalmoscopic eye examinations to screen for diabetic retinopathy.


  1. "Leo Kanner." Who Named It? Accessed on April 1 2008.
  2. "Blind Lemon Jefferson." The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. RealNetworks, Inc. 2004. Accessed on March 7, 2008.
  3. "The fight against food adulteration." Royal Society of Chemistry. 2008. Accessed on June 3, 2008.