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Alice Hamilton

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Alice Hamilton (February 27, 1869 - September 22, 1970) was a pioneer in the field of occupational health, studying causes and ways to prevent occupational illnesses and disabilities. She specialized in toxicology and the dangerous effects of industrial metals and chemical compounds on the human body (e.g., lead used in the manufacture of paints). Her research lead to some of the first workers’ compensation laws. She was the first woman appointed to the faculty of the Harvard Medical School (1919) and her contributions to public health were commemorated by a U.S. postage stamp in 1995.