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Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)

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The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) "prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, State and local government, public accommodations, commercial facilities, transportation, and telecommunications. It also applies to the United States Congress."[1]



Protected Classes

  • People with disabilities
  • People related to people with disabilities
  • People Associated with people with disabilities

A person with a disability is defined by the ADA as a person who has a "physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a person who has a history or record of such an impairment, or a person who is perceived by others as having such an impairment."[2]

Title I: Employment

  • Employers and religious institutions with 15 employees or more are required to offer qualified individuals with disabilities the same opportunity to benefit from employment-related opportunities available to others.
  • Includes recruitment, hiring, promotions, training, pay, social activities, and other privileges of employment.
  • Restricts questions about an applicant's disability before a job offer is made
  • Requires that employers make reasonable accommodation to the known physical or mental limitations of otherwise qualified individuals with disabilities, unless it results in undue hardship.

External Links

ADA Home Page -