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Charles A. Browne

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Charles L. Browne


4th Commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration

In Office:

July 1, 1924 - June 30, 1927

Preceded by: Walter G. Campbell

Succeeded by: Walter G. Campbell


Dr. Charles Albert Browne, PhD. (August 12, 1870 - February 3, 1947) was a renowned sugar chemist and the 4th Commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.


Contents

Education

Browne was born in North Adams, Massachusetts on August 12, 1870. He received his B.A. and M.A. from Williams College in 1892. He then traveled to Germany where he received his doctorate at the University of Gottingen in 1901.[1]


Early Work

Browne worked as a chemist is state experimentation stations before he was hired by Dr. Harvey W. Wiley as Chief of the Sugar Laboratory in the Bureau of Chemistry from 1906 to 1907. After that, he worked as the head of the New York Sugar Trade Laboratory.


FDA Commissioner

Browne was known during his commission for the high level of research and technological work that was done by the Bureau. However, Browne's tenure lacked enforcement work. In 1927, the Bureau was split into the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils which handled research and the Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration which handled enforcement. Browne accepted the position of Chief of Chemistry and Technical Research in the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils.[2]


Retirement

Browne retired from public service in 1940. His last post was Supervisor of Research in the Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering. In 1944, he won the Nicholas Appert Medal for outstanding contributions to food technology.[3]

In 1945, Browne gave approximately 450 books, manuscripts, and prints in memory of his parents to the Edgar Fahs Smith Library Collection of the University of Pennsylvania.[4]


References

  1. "Charles A. Browne, Ph.D. ." U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Accessed on June 2, 2008.
  2. "Charles A. Browne, Ph.D. ." U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Accessed on June 2, 2008.
  3. "Charles A. Browne, Ph.D. ." U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Accessed on June 2, 2008.
  4. Farrington, Lynne." Alchemy, Metallurgy, and Pharmacy: Edgar Fahs Smith and the History of Chemistry." University of Pennsylvania. Accessed on June 2, 2008.