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There is a wide variety of technology available to assist in cycling. This technology assists riders with impairments that range from balance impairment to back problems to limb difference.


Recumbent Cycles


  • Supine riding position
  • Back support
  • Pressure relief at genitals
  • Front to back stability
  • Work more muscle groups
  • Reduced chafing
  • Relaxed arms and wrist (i.e. they do not support your weight) [1]
  • Stability (provided by 3 wheel models)

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Hand Cycles

A class of cycles that is hand/arm powered rather than leg powered. Generally there is a crank system that is used by the hands rather than the feet. Break levers and shifters are mounted on or near this crank system. The steering system may be intergrated with the crank system or the steering may be controled by a different mechanism. Road riding is typically the type of riding done with these cyclists. However, new handcycles have been created to bridge the gap between road only handcycles and downhill racing quad chairs [2].

These cycles may be useful to riders who suffer from SCI or limb loss/difference.

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Tricycles & Quadcycles

This is a class of cycles which have 3 or 4 wheels that provide stability. These cycles often have a relaxed sitting position which can relief to the upper body. Usage of these cycles spans a wide variety, from recreational to sport riding. Often these cycles are beneficial to people who do not feel comfortable on a standard two wheel bicycle because of balance issues. For the same reason, these cycles can provide a more relaxed ride to those who may worry about stability on a two wheeled cycle. Sport riding on these cycles is common with persons who suffer from SCI or limb difference. There is a community of cyclists who compete on these cycles.

This category of cycles overlaps with:

  • Hand cycles - often hand cycles are three or four wheeled
  • Recumbent cycles


  • Stability
  • Relaxed sitting

Related Links

ATWiki Topics

Prosthetic Devices for Cycling

Prosthetic devices for cycling are made to assist riders who have limb loss or limb difference participate in the sport of cycling. Specialized prosthetics and prosthetic modifications have been developed to help the user handle the bicycle and maintain control even under rough terrain. Prosthetics and modifications made to assist leg amputees allow the rider to maintain stability and pedal. In addition to specialized prosthetics and modifications to prosthetics, there are a variety of modifications that can be made to the bicycle to assist with control, breaking, shifting, and pedaling.

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See Also

External Links


  1. Accessed 4/24/07.
  2. Accessed 4/24/07.