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A dwarf is a person of short stature - under 4 feet 10 inches (147 cm) as an adult. More than 200 different conditions can cause dwarfism. A single type, called achondroplasia, causes about 70 percent of all dwarfism. Achondroplasia is a genetic condition that affects about 1 in 25,000 people. People with achondroplasia have arms and legs that are short in comparison to their head and trunk. Other genetic conditions, kidney disease and problems with metabolism or hormones can also cause short stature.[1]


  1. Drawfism. MedlinePlus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Accessed August 25, 2010.