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Hypodermic syringe

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Patent for a syringe, 1843.
Patent for a syringe, 1843.

A Hypodermic syringe is a small syringe used with a hollow needle to inject medicine below the skin.


The hypodermic syringe was invented by Scottish physician, Dr. Alexander Wood, who was appointed Secretary of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh in 1850. He published his invention in the The Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Review. The article was called A New Method of treating Neuralgia by the direct application of Opiates to the Painful Points. The invention is sometimes credited to Charles Gabriel Pravaz, a French surgeon who was experimenting with making a hollow needle about the same time. His syringe was called the "The Pravaz Syringe" and was first used to inject morphine as a pain killer.