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U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

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The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a scientific, regulatory, and public health agency whose jurisdiction includes most food products (other than meat and poultry), human and animal drugs, therapeutic agents of biological origin, medical devices, radiation-emitting products for consumer, medical, and occupational use, cosmetics, and animal feed.[1]


The FDA began as a single chemist named Harvey Washington Wiley in the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1862.

The modern era of the FDA began on June 30, 1906 with the passage of the Federal Food and Drugs Act of 1906, also known as the "Wiley" Act, which added regulatory functions to the agency's scientific mission.


Order Picture Name In Office
1 Harvey W. Wiley Harvey W. Wiley December 1, 1907 - March 15, 1912
Interim R. E. Doolittle March 15, 1912 - December 16, 1912
2 Carl L. Alsberg Carl L. Alsberg December 16, 1912 - July 15, 1921
3 Charles A. Browne Charles A. Browne July 1, 1924 - June 30, 1927


  1. Swann, Ph.D., John P."History of the FDA." U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 1998. Accessed on June 2, 2008.